The purpose of this blog is to provide insights from the Christian perspective. It exists to present the elementary teachings of the Glorious Gospel through conducting apologetics and by providing biblical exegesis. The Scriptures declare, "For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek" (Romans 1:16).
-Roman Catholics argue in defense of Papal authority by
paralleling Matthew 16:19 with Isaiah 22:20-22. First of all, the foundation to
this argument is based on the fact that there is a "key" involved in
both these passages. Secondly, Catholics point out that the text of Isaiah has
a prime minister figure. And thirdly, it is important to note the similar
wording of the actions of "opening and shutting" and "binding
and loosing" found in both the paralleled texts. Roman Catholics thus
argue that this scenario prefigures the Lord Jesus Christ giving the Apostle
Peter supremacy over His entire church. The logic of this Catholic typology is
based on a comparison of Peter to Eliakim, who was given the key to the house
of David (Isaiah 20:22).
Serious Flaws In The Typology For Papal Authority:
1.) The Bible mentions many different sets of "keys".
In fact, there is nothing in the context of Isaiah 22 demanding that it be
paralleled with the text from Matthew 16.
2.) The context of this passage is about a male figure named
Shebna (Isaiah 22:15). His position of authority was being revoked from him as
a result of his pride. Shebna's position, which was only secondary to King
Hezekiah, was being given to another individual named Eliakim. However, the
Apostle Peter never replaced anybody.
3.) If Isaiah 22:20-22 was a prophecy about the Apostle Peter
being appointed as the first pope, then how would Roman Catholics explain
Isaiah 22:25? The Apostle Peter was never removed or cut down. The
interpretation of this prophetic passage from the Book of Isaiah is not
applicable to the Roman Catholic Church because it would only prophecy the fall
of the Papacy. This is totally inconsistent with the claims of modern-day
Romanism, for it teaches the infallible preservation of the Roman tradition.
4.) The name of "Eliakim" literally means "God
will raise up". It is a typology of our Lord Jesus Christ, not the Apostle
Peter. Jesus is the One who will inherit the glorious, everlasting throne of
David (2 Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 22:23; Isaiah 9:6-7). He possesses the key of
David (Revelation 3:7), which pertains to the promises of King David's throne.
It is about the establishment and fulfillment of his kingdom. The phrase
"house of David" is used within the context of his ancestral lineage.
While the singular key of the household of David is pertinent to the Nation of
Israel (Isaiah 22:21-22), the plural keys of the kingdom of heaven are more
pertinent to the work of the church (Matthew 16:13-20).