Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Superiority Of The New Covenant To The Old

[2 Corinthians] 3:7 the ministry of death. Refers to the law and particularly to the Ten Commandments, which were engraved on stone (Deut. 9:10). Since the law showed man his sinfulness and gave him no power to break out of it, it ministered death. Note that the law "fades away" (v. 11). When Moses descended from Mount Sinai with the law, his face shown so that the people were afraid to approach him (Ex. 34:29-30). But just as his radiance so also the Mosaic Law was temporary.

[2 Corinthians] 3:8 The dispensation of the Spirit comes with even more glory than the old order.

[2 Corinthians] 3:11 There is no question that the law was glorious for its time and purpose, but its temporary nature and limited purpose caused that glory to fade in the light of the grace of Christ, which has as its eternal purpose the bringing of many sons into glory (John 1:17; Heb. 2:10).

[2 Corinthians] 3:13 Paul means here that Moses veiled his face that the Israelites might not see the fading away of the transitory glory reflected in his countenance.

[2 Corinthians] 3:15 a veil lies over their heart. I.e., as long as they consider the law as permanent and do not turn to Christ, who takes away the veil (v. 14).

[2 Corinthians] 3:17 Now the Lord is the Spirit. A strong statement that Christ and the Holy Spirit are one in essence, though Paul also recognized the distinctions between them (13:14).

[2 Corinthians] 3:18 with unveiled face, beholding. Paul builds on the experience of Moses in Ex. 34:29-35. We Christians, he says, behold Christ's divine glory., and this beholding changes or transforms us us from glory to glory; i.e., from one degree of glory to another.

The Ryrie Study Bible [New American Standard Bible], p. 1437

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