Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Commentary On Exodus 6:3

[Exodus] 6:3 By my name the Lord. The account of the patriarchs contains references to God as "God Almighty" as well as the Lord (Gn 17:1-2; 28:3; 35:11; 12:8; 49:18). This verse could suggest (especially as translated in the RSV) the Lord as an appellative designation for God was unknown prior to the time of Moses. This interpretation, however, is not necessarily the meaning of v. 3. A translation that gives due consideration to the Biblical connotation of the word name (cf. 3:14 note) would read as follows: I appeared to Abraham, to Issac, and to Jacob by the manifestation of as God Almighty but by my name manifesting myself as the Lord (YHWH) I did not make myself known to them. This rendering does not preclude the possibility that the patriarchs were familiar with the word Lord as an appellation of God. The context supports this interpretation. The following verses stress the fact that in God's dealings with the patriarchs He had not revealed Himself as fully as the God of the "covenant" (4) as He was about to do in fulfilling the promise made to the fathers: "I will take you for my people" (7). By leading them out of Egypt and and constituting them as a nation in the lad which He "swore to give to Abraham, to Issac, and to Jacob" (8), He would make Himself known to Israel in actions by which He had not revealed Himself to the patriarchs and which they only knew as promises of the covenant. Centuries later God continued to speak about the revelation of His name in the same way: "They shall know that my name is the Lord." (Jer 16:21). The Book of Ezekiel has the oft-repeated refrain: "They [or you] shall know that I am the Lord." (Eze 6:7; 10, 13; 7:4, 9, 27; etc.)"

Martin Franzmann and Walter H. Roehrs, Concordia Self-study Commentary [commentary on Exodus], p. 65

No comments:

Post a Comment