Saturday, March 11, 2017

Logical Proofs For The Existence Of God

  • Introduction:
          -The purpose of this paper is to provide three simple arguments for why God exists, and thus how atheism fails to provide us with a sensible or meaningful worldview to thrive in. Several different philosophical proofs for the existence of God and different variations of already existing logical proofs for theism have been developed and proposed.
    • The Argument From First Cause:
              -How did everything existing in the universe come into being? If the answer is gasses or atoms or celestial bodies or whatever else scientists want us to believe, then where did all of these things come from? It is logically impossible for something to originate from nothing. We need to keep going back in time until we get to a beginning. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that the first cause of everything must be a God who has existed for all eternity.
    • The Argument From Intelligent Design (Teleological Argument):
             -Look at the fine tuning of the universe. Notice how everything in the solar system orbits around the sun, how the planets rotate (with moons even rotating around them), and how everything stays in perfect order. The planet Earth, which is about 93 million miles away from the sun and is third in the sequence of planets as to their distance away from the central star that provides us with light, is the only known environment that is able to sustain life. Furthermore, life on this planet functions in a very sophisticated and orderly manner. Disturbing the natural order of the environment causes it to become unbalanced and thus opens the door to the danger of environmental catastrophes. Overall life function on earth fits together like pieces fitting together to form a whole puzzle. Examine how the components of the human body have to work together. It seems as if everything existing today was created as a result of an Intelligent Designer. If the universe simply originated out of merely "nothing", then how come life is not disorganized and chaotic? An intelligent design cannot exist without an intelligent designer, anymore than a portrait can exist apart from an artist. 
    • The Moral Argument:
             -How life should work is dictated by universal moral principles. In other words, every decision that we plan to execute should be made on the basis of an objective standard of good. The fact that we appeal to a moral standard in our daily argumentation, expect everyone to behave in morally good manner, make apologies, and try to make excuses to justify our wrongdoings proves that there must be an ultimate, unchangeable standard of morality. Mentally deranged people have a perception of good, even if their view of goodness is extremely twisted. In fact, the heart of the ancient civilizations had a sense of good, though their practices or customs may have been radically different and even repulsive to our sight. This innate sense of good and evil cannot be a mere instinct because it is based upon our free will, which operates on the basis of human reason. The difference between a mere animal instinct and this transcendent moral code is that the first one is automatic and unable to be resisted, whereas the second concept can indeed be resisted. We either choose to act in accordance with or contrary to this objective moral standard. An objective moral law cannot exist without a supreme Law Giver, anymore than a secular law can exist without congress to pass and the executive branch to enforce it.
    • The Argument From Contingency (Cosmological Argument): 
             -In order for the universe to come into existence, an outside entity that exceeds the boundaries of space, matter, and time must also exist. Nothing material can exist on its own behalf or whim. The existence of the universe is dependent on an outside source, just as fire needs oxygen to burn or trees need water to grow. What is needed for the universe to exist exists independently of whether other beings exist or not. This mysterious being exists in itself, that is, an eternal source. This divine Giver is completely different than the created, finite particles of matter. He is infinite, unchangeable, and immaterial. He transcends space and time. In contrast, the universe is finite and changeable.
    • The Argument From Efficient Cause:
             -There is no such thing as infinite regress, that is, a never ending sequence of causes. Every chain of events must have an absolute beginning, including the formation of the universe. It is logically impossible for something to exist prior to its existence. So every material object must have a beginning. An effect cannot occur without a cause. We must conclude that a supernatural Creator set the universe into the orderly fashion that it is today.
    • The Argument From Degrees Of Perfection:
             -We tend to classify personal preferences, chains of events, lifetime experiences, and various decisions from least to greatest. In other words, one of the processes on which our judgment operates is ranking things according to being better or worse or by being more or less extreme in nature. A few examples of this sort of activity will be provided to illustrate the point that degrees of perfection do exist and how they relate to the existence of God. For example, we classify being a genius as better than having an average intelligence; an average intelligence as better than being unintelligent. We classify not touching a hot stove as being better than actually touching a hot stove. Being is better than non being at all. Our way of being is much better and more complete than that of animals or inanimate objects. If these degrees of perfection are pertinent to being, which does exist in finite creatures, then there must be a Best Degree or Ultimate Standard to recognize. One exists who has all of the good qualities that we posses as beings, but to an infinitely perfect and full extent. He is absolutely perfect. God has the highest degree of perfection and being. This is why He is rightly called the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.
    • The Argument Of The Unmoved Mover:
             -Everything that is placed into motion has a mover. In other words, things cannot merely set themselves into motion without a being applying the force to put that object into a state of movement. All moving things have a mover. Therefore, the universe could not have began and thus put everything into motion by itself. There is an Unmoved Mover from Whom all motion proceeds. God is the One who set the order of everything into motion.

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